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电大网考英语(二)

作者: 日期:2013/10/18 21:31:41 人气:29 

Test 2
第一部分:交际用语(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)
此部分共有5个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出正确选项。
1-5 CABCD    
1. —Who’s that speaking?            你是谁?
—This is Tom ____________       我是TOM。
A. speaks   B. spoken   C. speaking   D. saying
2. —I’m sorry. I lost the key. 对不起,我的钥匙丢了。
—____________        没关系。
A. Well, it’s OK.      B. No, it’s all right.
C. You are welcome.     D. You are wrong.
3.  —It’s rather cold in here. Do you mind if I close the window? 这里相当冷,你介意我把窗关上吗?
—____________                                     不介意,去关上吧。
A. Yes, please.  B. No, go ahead.  C. Sure, please.  D. I don’t like it.
4.  —____________                 你爸爸是从事什么工作的?
—He teaches physics in a school.    他在一所学校教物理。
A. What does your father want to do?  B. Who is your father?
C. What is your father?     D. Where is your father now?
5.  —Excuse me, how much is the jacket?  请问,这件夹克衫多少钱?
—It’s 499 Yuan. ____________.       499元。你想试一下吗?
A. Oh, no. That’s OK!     B. How do you like it?
C. Which do you prefer?     D. Would you like to try it on?

第二部分:阅读理解(共10小题;每小题3分,满分30分)
此部分共有2篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题。请从每个问题后的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出正确选项。
6-10 DCCDA    11-15 DDADC
Passage 1
Sixteen-year-old Maria was waiting in line at the airport in Santo Domingo. She was leaving her native country to join her sister in the United States. She spoke English very well. Though she was very happy she could go abroad, she was feeling sad at leaving her family and fiends. As she was thinking all about this, she suddenly heard the airline employee asking her to pick up her luggage and put it on the scales(称). Maria pulled and pulled. The bag was too heavy and she just couldn’t lift it up. The man behind her got very impatient. He, too, was waiting to check in his luggage.
Maria,十六岁,她正在圣多明各(多米尼加首都)的机场排队等候。她正要离开自己的祖国去美国和她的姐姐团聚。她的英语讲得很好。虽然她要出国了觉得很高兴,但此时要离开她的家人和朋友也很伤心。正在她想这些的时候,她突然听到机场的工作人员正在叫她把行李放到称上。Maria拉了又拉,包太重,她根本抬不起来。她后面的男人很不耐烦了。他也是等着托运行李的。
“What’s wrong with this girl?” He said, “Why doesn’t she hurry up?” He moved forward and placed his bag on the counter, hoping to check in fist. He was in a hurry to get a good seat.
“这女孩怎么了?”他说道,“她为什么不快点?”他走到前面,把包放在台上,希望能先登记。他急着想要得到一个好的座位。
Maria was very angry, but she was very polite. And in her best English she said, “Why are you so upset? There are enough seats for everyone on the plane. If you are in such a hurry, why can’t you give me a hand with my luggage?”
Maria很生气,但她很有礼貌。她用最优美的英语说,“你为什么如此不耐烦?飞机上的每个人都有座位。如果你真的很急,为什么不能帮我搬一下行李?”
The man was surprised to hear Maria speak English. He quickly picked up her luggage and stepped back. Everyone was looking at him with disapproval. (224 words)
这男人听到Maria会讲英语觉得很惊讶。他很快拿起自己的行李退了回去。每个人都很不赞成得看着他。

6. Maria’s story happened ________. Maria的故事发生在什么时候?
A. when she was leaving America    B. on her way back to Santo Domingo
C. before she left the USA     D. when she arrived at the airport   她到达机场后。
7. You believer that the work of the airline employee mentioned in the story is to _______ at the airport.
    你认为故事中提到的机场工作人员的工作是什么?
A. help carry people’s luggage    B. ask people to pick up the luggage
C. check people’s luggage  检查旅客的行李 D. take care of people’s luggage
8. “Why are you so upset?” Maria said to the man. She wanted to tell him that he should not be _______.
     “为什么你如此不耐烦?”Maria对那个男人说。她这么说是要告诉他不要不高兴。
A. surprised   B. sad    C. unhappy   D. sorry
9. “Everyone was looking at him with disapproval.” This sentence means that the people around felt _______.
    “每个人都很不赞成地看着他”这句话的意思是周围的人为这男人的行为感到很遗憾。
A. worried about Maria      B. worried about the man
C. sorry for Maria’s manners     D. sorry for the man’s manners
10. The author mentioned Maria’s age at the beginning of the story in order to show that _________.
    作者在故事的开头就提到Maria的年龄是为了表达什么?
A. she was young but behaved properly  她很小,但行为很得体。 
B. she would not have left home alone
C. everyone around her was wrong    
D. it was not good that nobody offered to help her
Passage 2
Britain and France are separated by the English Channel, a body of water that can be crossed in as few as 20 minutes. But the cultures of the two countries sometimes seem to be miles apart.
英国和法国被英吉利海峡阻隔,游泳穿越该海峡只要不到20分钟的时间。但这两个国家的文化有时相差十万八千里。
Last Thursday Britain and France celebrated the 100th anniversary(周年纪念)of the signing of a friendship agreement called the Entente Cordiality. The agreement marked a new beginning for the countries following centuries of wars and love-hate partnership.
上星期四,英国和法国庆祝了《友好协议》签订100周年的纪念活动。该协议标志着两个国家在经历了几个世纪的战争和爱恨交织的关系后的新篇章。
But their relationship has been ups and downs over the past century. Just last year, there were fierce disagreements over the Iraq war-which British Prime Minister Tony Blair supported despite French President Jacques Chirac speaking out against it. This discomfort is expressed in Blair and Chirac’s body language at international meetings. While the French leader often greets German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder with a hug(拥抱), Blair just receives a handshake. However, some political experts say the war in Iraq could in fact have helped ties.
但他们的关系在上个世纪也经历了几番起落。仅去年,对伊拉克战争问题进行了激烈的争论-英国首相布莱尔支持而法国总统希拉克反对。国际会议中,这种别扭在布莱尔和希拉克的身体语言中表现得很明显。当法国领导人频频与德国总理格哈特•施罗德拥抱时,布莱尔只得到了握手。然而,有些政治专家说正是伊拉克战争促进了两国的关系。
The history of divisions may well be because of the very different ways in which the two sides see the world. But this doesn’t stop 12 million Britons taking holidays in France each year. However, only 3 million French come in the opposite direction. Surveys(调查)show that most French people feel closer to the Germans than they do to the British. And the research carried out in Britain has found that only a third of the population believes the French can be trusted. Perhaps this bad feeling comes because the British dislike France’s close relationship with Germany, or because the French are not happy with Britain’s close links with the US.
这种历来的分离也许是好的,因为这两个国家对世界的看法完全不同。但是这并没有阻隔1200万的英国人每年到法国度假。而法国仅有300万的人民去英国度假。调查显示大多数法国人对德国人比对英国人亲切。并且在英国进行的调查显示仅有1/3的英国人信任法国人。也许这种坏的感觉是因为英国人不喜欢法国跟德国的亲密关系,或者因为法国对英国和美国的亲密关系感到不悦。
Whatever the answer is, as both sides celebrate 100 years of “doubtful friendship”, they are at least able to make jokes about each other. Here’s one: What’s the best thing about Britain’s relationship with France? The English Channel. (320 words)
不论答案是什么,双方能在一起庆祝这种“不确定的友好关系”100周年,至少证明他们会相互开玩笑了。其中一条就是:英国与法国的关系的最好见证是什么?是英吉利海峡。

11.  For centuries, the relationship between Britain and France is ____________.
    几世纪以来,英国与法国的关系是一种的爱恨交织的关系。
A. friendly   B. impolite   C. brotherly   D. a mixture of love and hate
12.  The war in Iraq does ____________ to the relationship between France and Britain.
    伊拉克战争对英国和法国的关系起到既好又坏的作用。
A. good         B. harm  
C. neither good nor harm     D. both good and harm
13.  The British are not so friendly to ____________ and the French are not so friendly to ____________.
    英国对德国不是那么友好,法国对美国也不是那么友好。
A. Germany; America      B. America; Germany
C. Germany; Germany      D. America; America
14.  ____________ are more interested in having holidays in ____________.    英国人更喜欢到法国度假。
A. American people…Britain     B. British people … Germany
C. French people … Britain     D. British people … France
15.  What does the last sentence mean? 文章的最后一句的意思是什么?
A. As long as the English Channel exists, no further disagreement will form between France and Britain.
B. The English Channel can prevent anything unfriendly happening in both France and Britain.
C. France and Britain are near neighbors, and this will help balance the relationship between them.
  法国和英国是一衣带水的邻邦,这会帮助两国平衡他们之间的关系。
D. The English Channel is the largest enemy between France and Britain.

第三部分:词汇与结构(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)
此部分共有5个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出正确选项。
16-20 ABABC  
16.  I don’t know the park, but it’s ______ to be quite beautiful. 我不了解这公园,但据说很美。
A. said    B. told    C. spoken   D. talked
17.  Mike is better than Peter ______ swimming. Mike比Peter更擅长游泳。
A. for    B. at     C. on    D. in
18.  The young lady coming over to us ______ our English teacher; the way she walks tells us that!
    那个正朝我们走来的年轻女子肯定是我们的英语老师;她走路的样子就告诉我们了。
A. must be   B. can be    C. would be   D. could be
19.  Had you come five minutes earlier, you ______ the train to Birmingham. But now you missed it.
    要是你早来五分钟,你就能赶上那班去伯明翰的火车了。但现在你错过了。
A. would catch  B. would have caught C. could catch   D. should catch
20. Eggs, though rich in nourishments, have ______ of fat.
    尽管鸡蛋营养丰富,但它含有大量的脂肪。
A. a large number       B. the large number  
C. a large amount       D. the large amount

第四部分:完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
以下短文中共包含10个未完成的句子,针对每给句子中空缺部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。
21-25 BCCDA    26-30 ACADC
Many students find the experience of attending university lectures to be a confusing and frustrating experience. The lecturer speaks for one or two hours, perhaps   21   the talk with slides, writing up important information on the blackboard,   22   reading material and giving out assignment. The new student sees the other students continuously writing on notebooks and   23    what to write. Very often the student leaves the lecture with notes which do not catch the main points and   24   become hard even for the students to understand.
很多学生发现在大学听课是一种令人费解,令人灰心的经验。老师会花一两个小时用幻灯片来讲解课的内容,在黑板上写出一些重要的信息,散发一些阅读材料,布置一些作业。新生发现别的学生一直在记笔记,他们不知道该记些什么。学生经常会记一些不切重点的笔记,这使学生对所学的知识难以理解。
Most institutions provide courses which assist new students to develop the skills they need to be   25    listeners and not-takers. If these are unavailable, there are many useful study-skills guides which   26    learners to practice these skills independently. In all cases it is important to   27    the problem before actually starting your studies.
大多数学校给学生提供的课程可以帮助学生培养如何成为一个高效的聆听者的技能和记笔记的技能。如果这些没有,那么会有很多有用的学习的指导,使听者能够单独训练这些技能。通常学生在开始学习之前就应该解决这种听课技能的问题。
It is important to acknowledge that most students have difficulty   28    acquiring the language skills required in college study. One way of   29    these difficulties is to attend the language and study-skills classes which most institutions provide throughout the academic year. Another basic strategy is to find a study partner   30    it is possible to identify difficulties, exchange ideas and provide support.
     不得不承认大多数学生在大学学习期间在获取语言技能方面有困难。克服这种困难的一种方法就是参加语言和学习技能培训班,很多学校在整个学年中都开设此班。另一种基本的方法就是找一个学习伙伴,和伙伴一起就有可能找出困难所在,交换意见和提供帮助。

21.  A. extending   B. illustrating   C. performing   D. conducting
22. A. attributing   B. contributing  C. distributing   D. explaining
23.  A. suspects   B. understands   C. wonders   D. convinces
24.  A. what    B. those    C. as    D. which
25.  A. effective   B. passive   C. relative   D. expressive
26.  A. enable    B. stimulate   C. advocate   D. prevent
27.  A. evaluate   B. acquaint   C. tackle    D. formulate
28.  A. in    B. on    C. of    D. with
29.  A preventing   B. withstanding  C. sustaining   D. overcoming
30.  A. in that    B. for which   C. with whom   D. such as

第五部分:英翻汉(满分15分)
请把下列3句英文翻译成中文。
31.  Apples here like water and sunshine.
32.  Fred was such a hardworking student that he soon came our first in the class.
33. Ted and William have lived under the same roof for five years.
31. 这里的苹果喜欢水和阳光。
32. 弗莱德是一个学习十分用功的学生,以至于不久他就成了班里学习最好的学生。
33. 泰德和威廉已经在同一个屋檐下生活了五年了。

第六部分:写作(满分15分)
要求在30分钟内,根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写出一篇不少于80词的短文。
Water and Life
1.随着工业化(industrialization)的推进,地球上的淡水(fresh water)越来越少。
2.生命没水就要消亡(disappear),因此人类要珍惜(treasure)淡水。
3.我们如何节约用水。
Water and Life
While we are enjoying the rich fruits of modern industrialization, we are losing something precious on this planet. Fresh water, among others, is dwindling down day by day, owing to the large-scale industrialization everywhere in the world. Just as sunshine is a necessity to life, so is fresh water. Without fresh water, our human society would come to a stop.
As fresh water is such an important resource to the human society, we need to treasure it as we treasure our life, but how?
First, our government should have a good plan for the use of fresh water and develop industries that consume less water. Second, waste water must be recycled. Finally,everyone of us should do his bit to save water.
在我们享受现代工业化丰富成果的时候,我们也在丢失一些宝贵的东西。这些东西中就包括淡水,由于世界各地大规模的工业化,它正在日益减少。就像阳光是生命的必须品一样,淡水也是生命所需。没有淡水,我们的人类社会将会终止。
     由于淡水是人类社会的重要资源,我们应该向珍视生命那样珍视它,但是要怎样来保护它呢?
首先,政府应该合理规划淡水使用以及发展那些用水少的工业。其次,要循环利用废水、污水;最后,我们每个人都要尽力节约用水。



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